12 Law Terms You Should Know
Law involves a lot of terminology that you probably won’t see anywhere else. Many of the words are derived from Latin, and simply aren’t part of your vocabulary unless you’re involved in a court case. However, it’s still vital to understand many of these words, since they’re likely to be used by the lawyers and judge who is presiding over your case. Discover some of the most common law-related words that you may need to know as your court date approaches.
Affidavit may appear to be a complex word, but all it is is a written or spoken statement made under oath in court.
Counsel is a word with unique meaning for those who are involved in law. It refers to both the legal advice given as well as the lawyers who are participating in the case.
3. De facto
De facto is a Latin term meaning “in fact”. In a court setting, it refers to something that exists as a fact but isn’t backed by any law.
4. Grand jury
A grand jury is made of 16-23 citizens who hear evidence of allegations presented by prosecuting lawyers and determine whether there’s probable cause that an individual committed an offense.
5. Habeas corpus
This Latin term means “you have the body.” A writ of habeas corpus can be used to force law enforcement authorities to justify why they’re holding a certain prisoner.
Any case, lawsuit, or controversy can be considered litigation.
7. Standard of Proof
The standard of proof states the requirements for proving a case, and can include “beyond a reasonable doubt”, “clear and convincing”, and “by a preponderance of the evidence”.
8. Pro se
Although it’s ill-advised for anyone to represent themselves in court, even attorneys, everyone has the right to. Pro se is the Latin term that refers to this self-representation.
Evidence presented by witnesses in court is called testimony.
The verdict is the final decision reached by the judge and jury that determines the guilt or innocence of the defendant.
When police officers need to search or arrest someone, they request a warrant from the court which grants them the authorization to do so.
A writ is a court order to do or not do a particular act.
Have More Questions? Ask Phillip A. Linder Today!
If you’ve been arrested, it’s likely you have a wide variety of questions. If you hear a word that isn’t on this list or have some other inquiry about your case, don’t wait – call Phillip A. Linder today and let his experience work for you. With over 25 years in the courts of Texas, Phillip A. Linder is your best bet for a favorable verdict. Contact us today.